European patents can be granted for the following 34 contracting states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Monaco, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, Turkey, and the applicant's request can be extended to Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia.
Procedures and Time Frame
The European proceedings comprise four phases as follows: the formal examination, the substantive examination, the grant procedure and the validation in the designated states after grant. The entire proceedings average to about five years.
a) Formal examination ... More details